Hypertensive Crisis: How to Recognize and Treat Severely High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure has become so common in the United States, most people don’t bat an eyelid when hearing about someone’s diagnosis. After all, it’s a health condition that affects one out of every three adults in the country. Yet, having high blood pressure can be devastating for someone’s health. Uncontrolled, it can result in a long list of health problems — such as heart attack, dementia, or aneurysm, to name a few. Therefore, this diagnosis should be taken seriously, and you — or your diagnosed loved one — should make immediate lifestyle changes to reverse it.

What is a healthy blood pressure level?

Blood pressure (BP) refers to the pressure caused by the blood on the walls of the veins and arteries as it’s pumped throughout the body. A healthy BP is anywhere between 90/60 and 120/80. The number at the top (systolic BP) refers to the pressure against the blood vessel walls during heartbeats. The number at the bottom (diastolic) refers to the pressure between heartbeats.

What is a hypertensive crisis?

If your blood pressure reaches 180/120 or higher, this is known as a hypertensive crisis. This requires emergency medical attention, since blood pressure this high may cause organ damage — and could result in kidney failure, blindness, fluid buildup in the lungs, loss of consciousness, stroke, or heart attack.

Types of Hypertensive Crisis

There are two types of hypertensive crises — and they both require medical attention. Your crisis is determined by whether or not you’re experiencing organ damage.

Hypertensive Urgency

When you have a hypertensive urgency, your blood pressure is significantly spiked, but you haven’t experienced organ damage yet. This is known as a hypertensive urgency. It occurs when your BP has reached 180/120, but you are not experiencing symptoms of a crisis. Check your blood pressure. Wait a few minutes, then check it again. Your doctor will likely administer medication, but hospitalization may not be required.

Hypertensive Emergency

In a hypertensive emergency, your BP will have reached 180/120 or higher, and you’ll also experience chest pain, blurry vision, difficulties speaking, and/or any of the additional symptoms listed below. Don’t wait a few minutes to check your blood pressure again. This is a sign that organ damage is occurring and you should call 911 immediately.

Hypertensive Crisis Symptoms

Other symptoms of a hypertensive crisis include:

When to See a Doctor

A hypersensitive crisis can be life-threatening. Therefore, as soon as you experience symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Delaying diagnosis and treatment can lead to worsening symptoms and sometimes death.

Hypertensive Crisis Diagnosis and Treatment

Your doctor will measure your blood pressure and ask detailed questions about the symptoms you’re experiencing. If the doctor believes your BP may be causing organ damage, they’ll order blood testing, an echocardiogram, renal ultrasound, eye exam, or imaging tests — such as x-rays, an MRI, or a CT scan — to check for damage to the brain, heart, or lungs.

Initial treatment involves medication to stabilize your blood pressure — administered through an IV for faster results. Once your BP has been lowered, your doctor prescribes oral medications. You’ll also have to regularly monitor your blood pressure as you implement lifestyle changes to prevent future BP spikes. These include eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, limiting salt intake and alcohol consumption, losing weight if overweight, and exercising for a minimum of 30 minutes a day.

Can anxiety cause a hypertensive crisis?

Since anxiety can cause spikes in a person’s blood pressure, it can result in short-term hypertension. There is danger, however, with frequent anxiety episodes that can result in chronic hypertension — as well as becoming dependent on anxiety medications that can also increase your blood pressure. In addition, when a person experiences anxiety, they are more likely to engage in behavior that increases BP — such as overeating, eating unhealthy foods on a regular basis, frequent alcohol consumption, or smoking.

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors for a hypertensive crisis. Some of them include:

  • Having blood pressure of or above 140/90
  • Pregnancy
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Failing to take medications to control high blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Using drugs

24-Hour Emergency Room Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one have a medical emergency, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

Blood in Urine (Hematuria): When to See a Doctor

Using the restroom is such a regular part of your life that you probably don’t even recount it when listing what you’ve done during the day. Yet, while urinating seems like second nature, it can be alarming to see blood in your urine. Some cases of this happening are harmless, but typically, blood in urine indicates more severe issues. What causes it, and when is it serious enough to see a doctor?

Causes of Blood in Urine

Blood in urine — also called hematuria — can occur as a side effect of using medications like aspirin, heparin, and penicillin. In some rare — and misunderstood — cases, it can also occur with strenuous exercise. While these incidents are typically pretty harmless, other causes should raise more of a red flag. Other conditions include:

  • Trauma to the urinary tract
  • Kidney or bladder cancer
  • Prostate gland enlargement
  • Kidney disease
  • Nephrolithiasis — including kidney stones or bladder stones
  • Infections — such as a UTI
  • Hematologic disorders — like sickle cell disease

Symptoms of Hematuria

There are two different kinds of hematuria — blood in the urine that can be seen (known as gross hematuria) or microscopic blood in the urine (also known as microscopic hematuria). If you’re experiencing gross hematuria, then the most sure-sign is seeing blood when you urinate. Since hematuria is a sign itself of other conditions, instead, you should pay attention to additional symptoms you may be experiencing. For example, when dealing with UTIs, you may also experience painful urination or the need to urinate frequently. If you have kidney stones, then you may have severe abdominal pain and be nauseous.

Microscopic hematuria is more difficult to notice on your own. The best way to determine if there is blood in your urine is to attend your routine physical exam. Your doctor will take a urine sample, and by testing your urine, they’ll be able to figure out if you have microscopic blood present. The same can be said for children with either type of hematuria — as they often don’t produce any other types of symptoms.

Risk Factors of Hematuria

While there are many causes for hematuria, there are also risk factors that can make you more susceptible to experiencing gross or microscopic hematuria. Common risk factors may include:

  • A family history of kidney disease
  • Chronic UTI
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to chemicals in the workplace
  • Radiation treatment for pelvic cancer

When to See a Doctor

If you ever experience blood when you urinate, you should see a doctor immediately. That’s because most cases of gross hematuria are typically linked to cancer or other issues that require immediate medical care. To ensure you get the proper diagnosis and treatment you need in a timely manner, visit an urgent care clinic.

The doctor will perform a physical exam — for men, a rectal exam may be conducted to rule out prostate problems — and additional tests may be administered. During the exam, the doctor will also ask about your history and any medications that you’re currently taking. In addition to physical, rectal, and pelvic exams, your doctor may also administer:

Hematuria Treatment Options

How to treat your hematuria depends on the cause. If you have a UTI, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If you have kidney stones, your options are typically to let the stones pass on their own, take medication, or undergo surgery to have the stones removed. Other possible treatments include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation treatment
  • No treatment — if determined your hematuria isn’t caused by a medical condition

Hematuria Prevention

Drinking plenty of water can help prevent hematuria associated with infections and stones, while avoiding smoking and exposure to chemicals can prevent some cancers. But, since hematuria is often a symptom of other medical conditions, it can be difficult to pinpoint what changes to their lifestyle, one should make to prevent experiencing hematuria. The best thing you can do is attend routine physical exams to catch medical issues early.

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one have blood in your urine, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

When to Go to the ER for Chest Pain

If you’ve ever experienced heartbreak, then you know that not all chest pain is something that needs immediate emergency care. But, as you get older, any chest pain should not be taken lightly. When you experience pain — whether it’s sharp, dull, severe, or mild — recognize if there are any other symptoms that are also occurring. What symptoms constitute an ER visit? And, how can you prevent them?

3 Chest Pains that Require a Visit to the Emergency Room

Heart Attack

Probably the first one on everyone’s mind — when they experience any kind of chest pain — is a heart attack. Heart attacks occur when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked. This can be caused by a variety of health issues – including obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, and smoking.

Symptoms of a heart attack often include:

  • Fainting
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Severe lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Squeezing, tightness, burning, or uncomfortable chest pain
  • Sudden aching in one or both arms
  • Sudden fatigue
  • Breaking out into a cold sweat

Prevention: In order to prevent you or a loved one from experiencing a heart attack, you should talk to your doctor about your risks and make appropriate diet changes where necessary. Taking low doses of aspirin daily has shown to reduce the risk of a heart attack, but you should consult with your doctor about this route before moving forward on your own. Other lifestyle changes — including practicing meditation and conversing with family and friends — can also play a role.

Coronary Artery Disease

Another common symptom of chest pain includes coronary artery disease – also called CAD. It typically involves the narrowing or blocking of the coronary arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis. If left untreated, you could be at a higher risk of a heart attack.

Symptoms of CAD include:

  • Uncomfortable pressure or fullness
  • Tightness or squeezing
  • Dull ache
  • Burning sensation
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness

Prevention: If you’re at risk of coronary artery disease, your doctor will suggest some changes to your diet. Eating a well-balanced meal with plenty of leafy greens is a great way to clean your arteries and reduce buildup. In most cases, this can help prevent the condition, but if there is no improvement, your doctor may suggest medications or surgery.

Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary embolism takes place when a blood clot passes through the bloodstream and lodges in the lungs. This can be extremely dangerous and produce a variety of unpleasant symptoms – including coughing up blood. This condition typically produces multiple clots, so it’s important to see an emergency clinic and have a doctor break up the clumps safely.

Some symptoms of pulmonary embolism include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Acute pleuritis
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Fever
  • Spitting up blood
  • Shock

Prevention: Regular physical activity can help prevent pulmonary embolism and hasten recovery. Elevating your legs during the night and wearing compression socks helps to move blood more efficiently. If you have a history of pulmonary embolism, then your doctor may prescribe blood thinners – especially before or after surgery. In some cases, pneumatic compression is also used to help massage and squeeze the veins in your legs and improve blood flow.

Other Symptoms that Constitute a Visit to the ER

While the previous symptoms are all signs of specific chest pain issues, there are additional signs that something else may be wrong. These symptoms can be caused by a variety of issues, and you should visit the ER if you experience any of the following:

  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Extremely low blood pressure or heart rate
  • Extremely rapid heartbeat and/or breathing
  • Respiratory trouble or shortness of breath – especially after a lengthy period of inactivity
  • Dizziness and/or nausea
  • Suddenly feeling pressure, tightness, squeezing, or crushing under the breastbone
  • Pain spreading into the left arm, back, or jaw
  • Sudden loss of color or excessive sweating

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one are showing signs of having severe chest pain, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

How to Recognize Walking Pneumonia Symptoms

Catching a cold is never fun, especially when it brings coughing and fatigue. The cause of your sickness can often be difficult to pinpoint, and different diseases require specific treatments. One common illness that often gets misunderstood as a different problem is walking pneumonia. Most people have heard about pneumonia, but what is walking pneumonia? And, how can you recognize and treat the illness?

What is walking pneumonia?

Also called atypical pneumonia, walking pneumonia is a bacterial infection that impacts the upper and lower respiratory tract. It’s not as detrimental as other types of pneumonia, and it’s often mistaken for the common cold. Similar to other types of pneumonia, however, walking pneumonia is just as contagious. So, as people carry on with their lives thinking they simply have a common cold, they’re actually spreading the disease.

Walking pneumonia is considered atypical because the infection can’t be cured with penicillin – the drug typically used for other types of pneumonia. That’s due to the cells causing the infection being resistant to the drug. Even with proper treatments, walking pneumonia can last a week to a month – depending on the severity of your illness.

Walking Pneumonia Symptoms

Signs of walking pneumonia are similar to the common cold and are mild compared to other types of pneumonia. They typically occur gradually, and may include:

  • Sore throat
  • Inflammation in the windpipe
  • Persistent dry cough
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Labored breathing
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Chills
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite

Diagnosing Walking Pneumonia

There are certain groups of people who are more likely to contract, experience more severe symptoms, or have a great risk of complications from walking pneumonia. These groups include anyone over the age of 65, anyone younger than two years old, people with compromised immune systems, people who smoke, or anyone living with respiratory conditions.

If you or a loved one belong to one of these categories, you should visit an emergency care clinic to see a doctor. They’ll perform a physical exam and learn about your overall health and medical history. They’ll review your symptoms, and if they have concerns, they may schedule an x-ray to determine the type of pneumonia or respiratory illness that you’re experiencing. Other tests may include:

  • Culturing mucus from your lungs
  • Studying sputum gram stains 
  • Swabbing your throat
  • Scheduling a complete blood count test
  • Testing for specific antigens or antibodies

Treating Walking Pneumonia

If you visit a doctor and are diagnosed with the type of bacterial infection that impacts your lungs, then you may be prescribed antibiotics to help you recover. You’ll need to take all of the antibiotics, even if you’re feeling better. This ensures you eliminate the infection and prevents it from returning. For those in the high-risk groups, you may require hospitalization if symptoms are severe. Talk to your doctor about your risks.

For those with mild walking pneumonia symptoms, you can resolve the infection with diligent home care. It’s important to avoid others during the 10-day period when your symptoms are the worst. To quicken your recovery, you should:

  • Reduce your fever with ibuprofen
  • Drink lots of water and other fluids
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Avoid cough suppressants

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one show signs of having a common cold, but show walking pneumonia symptoms, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

Meningitis: Symptoms, Treatment, & More

Fever, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light – these can all be symptoms of the flu or other common illnesses. But, did you know that they can also be signs of meningitis? What makes that so scary is that meningitis can have deadly consequences if not diagnosed and treated in time. To help determine the cause of your flu-like symptoms, learn how to detect meningitis, and identify your treatment options.

What is Meningitis?

Meningitis occurs when the meninges in the membranes around the brain or spinal cord become inflamed. Meninges surround your brain and spinal cord, so when swelling occurs, it can cause symptoms like headaches and a fever. There are two common types of meningitis: viral and bacterial. Meningitis is typically contagious and is transmitted by coughing, sneezing, or close contact. Other causes of meningitis may include:

  • Cancer
  • Chemical irritation
  • Fungi
  • Drug allergies

Symptoms of Meningitis

Whether you have viral or bacterial meningitis, the symptoms are often the same in the beginning. The difference is usually in the severity of the symptoms – with bacterial meningitis being more severe.

Symptoms of Viral Meningitis

  • Decreased appetite
  • Irritability
  • Sleepiness
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Stiff Neck
  • Seizures
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Nausea and vomiting

Symptoms of Bacterial Meningitis

  • Altered mental status
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Stiff neck
  • Purple areas of skin – resembling bruises
  • Sleepiness
  • Lethargy
  • Faint rash – a late sign of Neisseria meningitidis 

Risks & Complications of Meningitis

Meningitis including bacterial meningitis is more likely to occur in people who have skipped their childhood or adult vaccinations, are under the age of 20, live in a community setting (like a college campus), are pregnant, or have a compromised immune system. The longer you or your loved one waits to get treatment, the more likely they’ll experience the following complications:

  • Seizures
  • Hearing loss
  • Memory difficulty
  • Learning disabilities
  • Brain damage
  • Gait problems
  • Kidney failure
  • Shock
  • Other permanent neurological damages
  • Death

Treating Meningitis

If you think you or a loved one have meningitis, you should seek an emergency care clinic immediately. Meningitis can work quickly and be deadly if not treated. The doctor will review your health history — asking about your age, dorm residence, and daycare center attendance — and conduct a physical exam. In the physical exam, the physician will monitor the following:

  • Fever
  • Heart rate
  • Neck stiffness
  • Consciousness

A spinal tap will tell them if your meningitis is viral or bacterial and also help them determine the best antibiotic for treatment. Other tests that may be conducted include:

  • Blood cultures
  • Complete blood count
  • Chest x-rays
  • CT scan
  • Glass test

If the illness is bacterial meningitis, then the doctor will prescribe you an antibiotic. Once the test results have come back, they may administer other solutions – including corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, oxygen therapy, fluids, or sedatives. Depending on the type of meningitis and severity, it may take seven days to two weeks to recuperate.

Preventing Meningitis

Vaccines are the best way to prevent bacterial meningitis. There are two different vaccines that should be administered throughout a child’s life to help prevent the disease. The meningococcal vaccine is typically given to children 11-12 and again when they’re 16, and the Hib vaccine is given in four doses during the ages of 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months.

Another way to prevent viral or bacterial meningitis — and other diseases — is to wash your hands frequently and thoroughly. Good hygiene can stop the spread of bacteria and keep you and your loved ones safe.

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one have symptoms of meningitis, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

Shingles: Symptoms, Treatment, & More

When you think about your early childhood, you probably become overwhelmed with feelings – including nostalgia, bittersweetness, pride, or joy. You may remember the time you learned how to ride a bike, tie your shoes by yourself, or hit your first home run. But, do you remember when you had the chickenpox?

The chickenpox often occurs in young children and is a viral infection that causes itchy, red bumps all over the body. While the chickenpox only lasts for five to 10 days, the virus can remain in your body in a sleep-like state for decades. Years after you’ve had the chickenpox, the virus may awaken and cause shingles. How do you know if you’re in danger of getting shingles, and how can you prevent the virus from waking up?

What are Shingles?

Similar to chickenpox, shingles are a viral infection that causes a painful, blistering rash on one side of the body. While shingles can occur anywhere on your body, they most often occur as a single stripe of blisters that wrap around the left or right side of your torso. The varicella-zoster virus causes them and — while painful — are not life-threatening if treated promptly. With treatment, most cases of shingles last three to five weeks.

Symptoms of Shingles

While the most common sign that the varicella-zoster virus has reactivated as shingles is painful rashes that wrap around the torso, there are other indications of the virus. Other signs may include:

  • Burning, numbness, or tingling
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Fluid-filled blisters that break open and crust over
  • Itching
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Fatigue

Treating Shingles

If you suspect you have shingles, you should make an immediate appointment with your doctor. Once diagnosed, your doctor may prescribe you antiviral medication to control the infection and to speed the healing process. You may also take over-the-counter anti-inflammatories to relieve pain.

Keep in mind that the varicella-zoster virus can be passed to those who haven’t become immune to chickenpox. Until you’ve been treated and your blisters have scabbed over, you should avoid people who haven’t had the chickenpox or may have weakened immune systems. This includes pregnant women, the elderly, and newborns.

While shingles are typically non-life-threatening, there are some instances where you should visit an emergency care clinic immediately. Some of these situations include:

  • If the pain and rash occur near an eye
  • If you’re 60 or older
  • If you have a weakened immune system
  • If the rash is widespread and painful

Can Shingles Be Prevented?

While there is no guarantee that you’ll experience shingles in your lifetime, there are ways to prevent or lower your risk. This prevention comes in the form of two vaccines: chickenpox and shingles vaccine. Neither of these vaccines are used to treat the virus, but instead, are purely preventative options.

Chickenpox Vaccine

This is typically used for children to prevent chickenpox, but it’s also used for adults who haven’t had chickenpox. The vaccine doesn’t guarantee that you won’t get chickenpox or shingles, but it drastically reduces your chances of complications and the severity of the virus.

Shingles Vaccine

There are two options for the shingles vaccine: Zostavax and Shingrix. Both options have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Zostavax protects you from shingles for five years and is given as a single injection to the upper arm. Shingrix offers protection beyond five years and is given in two doses – with the second dose being administered six months after the first.

Shringrix is often recommended over Zostavax as it is more than 90% effective in preventing a shingles outbreak. It’s usually recommended for people aged 50 and older, while Zostavax is recommended for people 60 and older. Like the chickenpox vaccine, it doesn’t guarantee that you won’t get shingles, but it reduces the severity of the disease and your chances of complications.

To determine if the chickenpox or shingles vaccines are right for you, you should talk to your doctor about your options. They’ll provide guidance on the risks and benefits associated with the vaccines, and know if your medical history puts you at a greater risk of awakening the virus.

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one had the chickenpox when you were younger, and are now showing signs of shingles, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

Skin Infections: Symptoms, Types, Treatment, & More

You do a lot to protect your skin – from keeping it safe from UV rays to moisturizing it to retain that youthful glow. Your skin makes up who you are, so it’s no wonder that you would do everything you can to keep it healthy. But, did you know that similar to other organs in your body, your skin can become infected? How do you know if your skin has been infected, and what can you do to treat it?

What are Skin Infections?

There are four different types of skin infections – including bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic. As germs contaminate your body, they can cause mild to severe cases of infections that can impact not only your skin but your general health. Most skin infections can be treated with over-the-counter medications or home remedies, but if left untreated, some infections could require immediate medical attention.

Symptoms of Skin Infections

The severity of your skin infection paired with the type can impact the symptoms that occur. In general, skin infections include redness of the skin and a rash, but they can also include itching, pain, and tenderness. In some cases, you may also develop pus-filled blisters. If this happens, you should visit an emergency room immediately, as this is a sign of a more severe skin condition. Signs of severe skin infections include:

  • Pus
  • Blisters
  • Skin sloughing, breakdown
  • Dark or discolored and painful skin

Bacterial Skin Infections

If your skin has a bacterial infection, it will begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Sometimes these bumps can be warm to the touch, tender, or blister. They’re usually caused by bacteria entering the body through a cut, scratch, or another break in the skin. The most common bacterial skin infections include:

  • Cellulitis
  • Folliculitis
  • Impetigo
  • Boils
  • Leprosy

Viral Skin Infections

Viral skin infections typically produce localized or disseminated lesions. It begins with a fever and then spreads to vesicular rashes on the skin. These rashes contain replicating viral organisms and are infectious. Common viral skin infections include:

  • Shingles
  • Chickenpox
  • Warts
  • Measles
  • Hand/foot/mouth disease

Fungal Skin Infections

Living up to its name, fungal infections usually develop in damp areas of the body – like the feet or armpit. Your lifestyle and body chemistry play a heavy role in developing fungal conditions. Any activities that involve sweating heavily or wet clothes can increase your risk – especially if a break or cut in the skin occurs, allowing bacteria inside. They’re not typically life-threatening, but some fungal infections are contagious. The most common fungal skin infections include:

  • Athlete’s foot
  • Yeast infections
  • Ringworm
  • Nail fungus
  • Diaper rash

Parasitic Skin Infections

Parasitic skin infections occur when parasites contaminate the body. Tiny insects or organizations burrow underneath your skin and lay eggs which can cause the infection. These infections can spread to the bloodstream and organs – making them severe, but not life-threatening. Parasitic skin infections are more uncomfortable than anything else, but they should be treated quickly nonetheless. Some of the most common parasitic skin infections include:

  • Lice
  • Bedbugs
  • Scabies
  • Cutaneous larva migrans

Diagnosing Skin Infections

If you have signs of any of the four types of skin infections, you should visit your doctor. While most skin infections are non-life-threatening, they can quickly become more severe if left untreated. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and identify the type of skin infection based on the appearance and location – but in some cases, a skin cell sample may be tested.

Skin Infection Treatment

The treatment of your skin infection depends on the type, severity, and location of the condition. Most bacterial infections can be easily treated with topical antibiotics or oral antibiotics. Medicated creams help treat parasitic infections, and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to reduce discomfort. You can also use over-the-counter anti-fungal sprays or creams to treat fungal skin infection. If your condition doesn’t improve for any of these infections, you should talk to your doctor.

Unlike other types of infections, some viral skin infections — like Herpes — cannot be cured. Instead, symptoms can be treated and suppressed to promote healing from blisters and other conditions. To determine the best treatment plan for your viral skin infection, you should consult with your doctor.

Preventing Skin Infections

One of the best ways to prevent skin infections is to thoroughly and often wash your hands. By maintaining good body hygiene, you can lower your risks of receiving an infection. Properly maintain cuts and other breaks in the skin by cleaning the wound and applying bandages to keep dirt and other germs out.

If you need to use a public bathroom or shower, wear shoes to prevent fungal infections. Also, avoid physical contact with people that have scabies or an active herpes infection. If you have a skin infection, you should also avoid making contact with other people until you get the go-ahead from your doctor.

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one have signs of a skin infection, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

Shortness of Breath: Symptoms, Causes, & More

At some point in your life, you’ve probably become familiar with the phrase you take my breath away. While this phrase is typically used for the effect someone has on another person, it can also apply to a variety of medical conditions including asthma, allergic reactions, low blood pressure, and more.

Regardless of the reason, shortness of breath — also known as dyspnea — is usually a symptom of a greater issue. To keep you and your loved ones safe, you should learn how to recognize the signs and understand the causes that can impact your oxygen intake.

What is Dyspnea?

When you have shortness of breath, it typically means that you’re struggling to get enough air in your lungs. A healthy adult typically breaths in and out around 20 times a minute. Things like extraneous workouts and conditions like a cold can impact that number, but these conditions should never leave you feeling short of breath. If you have dyspnea or shortness of breath, then breathing will be more difficult – and no matter how much you breathe in, it won’t feel like enough air.

Symptoms of Dyspnea

Along with feeling out of breath and having difficulty breathing, common symptoms include:

  • Tightness in your chest
  • Swelling in your feet and ankles
  • Lips or fingertips turning blue
  • Wheezing
  • High fever
  • Coughing

If your shortness of breath occurred very suddenly and is accompanied by chest pain or nausea, you should call 911 immediately as you may need immediate medical attention. This could be a sign of a heart attack.

What Causes Shortness of Breath?

Your heart and lungs are the most commonly used muscles for transporting oxygen to your body and removing carbon dioxide. That’s why most causes of dyspnea involve these organs, but they aren’t the only organs to impact breathing. There’s a variety of minor to severe conditions that cause shortness of breath. Some common causes include:

  • Anxiety
  • Asthma
  • Broken ribs
  • A collapsed lung
  • Heart disease/failure
  • Pneumonia
  • Pregnancy
  • Sudden blood loss
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Obesity
  • Inflammation of the heart tissue

If you have shortness of breath while walking, this could simply be a sign that you are out of shape and not a symptom of a greater condition. If you have shortness of breath while talking, then this is a sign that it could be a heart or lung condition.

Risk Factors of Dyspnea

As with a variety of other conditions, smoking can be a major risk factor as it can result in many diseases with shortness of breath as a symptom. Preexisting conditions like asthma or muscle weakness can also increase your risk. Other risk factors may include:

  • Lung disease
  • Low hemoglobin
  • Being out of shape
  • Obesity

Diagnosing & Treating Shortness of Breath

If your shortness of breath is not caused by extraneous exercise or was an expected result of another activity, occurred suddenly, or is persistent across daily activities that weren’t previously a problem, then you should visit an emergency care clinic immediately. A doctor will be able to conduct a physical and determine the cause of your shortness of breath. Your doctor may ask you questions and conduct other tests to determine if you have dyspnea and what is causing it.

If your dyspnea is caused by asthma, your doctor will prescribe you with an inhaler to help make breathing easier. You may also be prescribed medications to help dissolve blood clots or resolve infections that are causing your shortness of breath. If you smoke, your doctor will request that you quit. Your treatment plan may also include lung strengthening exercises to help you improve your health. If your symptoms change or worsen, you should call your doctor.

Emergency Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you or a loved one is experiencing shortness of breath, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

Chest Pain: 10 Causes of Chest Pain & Tightness

Chest pain can be a scary situation – from the minimally concerning heartburn to a high-risk heart attack. You may experience chest pain for a number of reasons, and while a few of them are nothing to worry about, most of them may require immediate attention or a trip to the emergency room.

How do you know if your chest pain is something to worry about, and what are your treatment options?

Common Causes of Chest Pain and Tightness

1. Muscle strain

When you’re sick or have been coughing more often, sometimes the muscles in your chest can become strained. This causes tightness or soreness in your chest that feels painful with further coughing.

By getting over-the-counter products like cough syrup, cough drops, and other chest relievers, you can minimize the pain and begin the road to recovery. You should treat your muscle strain similarly to how you would treat a sore leg muscle – with plenty of rest and relaxation.

2. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Also known as acid reflux, GERD occurs when fluids from your stomach move back into the throat. This can cause a burning sensation in your throat and chest. In addition to chest pain, symptoms include a bitter taste in your mouth, belching, and feeling bloated. GERD is most likely to occur after eating a large, deep-fried, or spicy meal, being overweight or obese, or being pregnant – especially when lying down soon after eating.

Heartburn from GERD can be treated with over-the-counter products like Tums and other antacids. Be sure to abide by instructions, as overuse can cause problems with the lining of your stomach.

3. Pancreatitis

If you have lower chest pain that worsens when you lie flat or lean forward, then the issue may be with your pancreas, which is located on the upper left side of the abdomen. When your pancreas becomes inflamed, it can cause pain in your abdomen and chest. The pain gets worse after meals, and you may get lightheaded when standing up. Pancreatitis can be acute or severe.

If you think your pancreas is inflamed, you should visit a doctor immediately to see if your pancreatitis is acute or severe. If it’s acute, you’ll likely receive some IV fluids, and your pancreas will be monitored for any damaged tissue. If your pancreatitis is severe, surgery may be required.

4. Gallbladder problems

Chest pains could also be a sign of gallbladder problems. After a fatty meal, if you have pain in your lower chest area or upper right-side abdomen area, then your gallbladder may be the culprit. Additional symptoms include nausea, fever, chills, darker than usual urine, and changes in bowel movements (lighter-colored stools or diarrhea).

You should visit a doctor to see if your gallbladder is functioning properly. If it’s not, you may need to have surgery to have it removed. Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection post-surgery.

5. Pneumonia

Pneumonia is often associated with the winter, wet and cold months, but the truth is that pneumonia can take place regardless of the season – especially in older individuals. Pneumonia that’s causing chest pain is typically a sign of lung infection. In addition to chest pain, you may feel shortness of breath, coughing, and yellow or green mucus.

You should visit your doctor for testing and get antibiotics to alleviate any lung infection. During your recovery time, you should drink plenty of fluids and get rest. You may also take medicines to relieve any fevers.

6. Pleuritis

Pleuritis or pleurisy is caused by inflammation and irritation of the lining of the lungs or chest. This is caused by bacteria from viral infections, pulmonary embolism, or pneumothorax. The result is a sharp pain in your chest when you breathe, cough, or sneeze. The pain can radiate to your shoulders or back, and you may also experience headaches and shortness of breath.

If you’re experiencing sharp pains in your chest, you should visit your doctor. Your physician will conduct some tests to determine if you have pleuritis. If you do, they’ll prescribe you with antibiotics. You should also rest for a few days until the pain subsides or your antibiotics run out.

7. Pulmonary embolism

When a blood clot passes through the bloodstream and lodges in the lungs, the result can be acute pleuritis, trouble breathing, and a rapid heartbeat. Depending on the severity of your pulmonary embolism, you may also experience fever, spitting up blood, and shock.

If you think you might have a pulmonary embolism, you should immediately see a doctor. They’ll need to try and break up the blood clot. This can be done with blood thinners, drugs, or medical procedures. You’ll need to talk to your doctor about treatment options to determine which is best for your pulmonary embolism.

8. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

CAD is caused by blockage to the heart vessel. It reduces blood flow and oxygen to the heart, which causes a feeling of squeezing or pressure in your chest. While CAD is a symptom of heart disease, it doesn’t cause permanent damage to your heart. If left untreated, you could be at a higher risk of a heart attack. Additional symptoms to chest pain include dizziness, fatigue, and numbness of the chest and abdomen.

If you have coronary artery disease, your doctor will first suggest some lifestyle changes – particularly to your diet. If lifestyle changes don’t resolve the issue, they may prescribe medications or suggest surgery. You should talk to your doctor about your options and how to prevent future issues.

9. Myocardial infarction

Also known as a heart attack, myocardial infarction is caused by a reduction of blood flow through the heart blood vessels, which causes heart muscle cells to die. While the pain can be similar to that of CAD, heart attacks tend to cause a more severe, crushing pain in the center or left side of your chest. It can also be accompanied by shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, and severe weakness.

If you think you’ve had a heart attack, you should seek medical attention immediately. Your doctor will suggest immediate lifestyle changes, and depending on the severity of your condition, you may also require cardiac rehabilitation, medications, stents, or bypass surgery.

10. Pericarditis

When the sac around the heart becomes inflamed or infected, this is known as pericarditis. In addition to CAD pain, it causes a sharp, steady pain along the upper neck and shoulder muscles. It can feel worse when you breathe, swallow food, or lie on your back.

Treatments may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents to eliminate pain and inflammation. Depending on the severity of your pericarditis, your doctor may also suggest steroids, antibiotics, and colchicine.

Related: Common Causes of Chest Pain While Sleeping

Chest Pain Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you’re experiencing chest pains or you think you’ve had a stroke or seizure, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.

World Heart Day: 7 Daily Habits to Help Improve Heart Health

Every year, we celebrate World Heart Day on September 29. It was created by the World Heart Federation – and for good reason. According to the CDC, 610,000 people die from heart disease in the US each year. That means one in every four deaths is caused by heart disease. How do you improve your heart health and avoid becoming a statistic? What are some of the things you can do daily to prevent it?

How to Improve Heart Health

1. Exercise

Exercise has many benefits for your body – from giving your cardiovascular system a boost to releasing serotonin (also known as the happy hormone). By exercising for 30 minutes a day, five days a week, you can reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), depression, type II diabetes, metabolic syndrome, colon and breast cancer, and vertebral fractures, and you’ll feel happier.

That doesn’t mean you need to do high-intensity workouts in the gym. You could also participate in yoga, dancing, swimming, or even brisk walking for 30-minutes to reduce your risk. Anything that gets your heart pumping is the goal.

If you don’t know how to get started, enlist some friends to join you, take selfies while out on beautiful walks in nature and post them on social media, and make sure to start slowly and build the length and intensity of workouts gradually. This will help keep you motivated since it won’t feel overwhelming and it will also prevent injuries associated with wanting to do too much, too soon. Also, don’t become obsessed with the number on the scale. You are doing this for your heart health and there are more accurate ways to measure your progress: lower cholesterol, lower blood pressure, less fatigue when doing simple tasks such as going up a flight of stairs, better sleep, and better moods.

2. Eat Well

Eating a diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, potatoes, olive oil, seeds, and fish will help nourish your body. By the same token, you should limit saturated fatsdairy, and red meat, since all of them have been linked to higher risks of cardiovascular disease. A well-balanced diet minimizes the build-up of fats and high cholesterol.

Research the different kinds of fats and become familiar with what fats are good and bad for your body. Trans fats found in fried, processed snacks, and fast foods raise your cholesterol levels. While unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats – such as those found in avocado, nuts, olive oil, and fish – are healthy and necessary for your body.

If you like to snack, pack healthy options to take to school or work, so that you’re not tempted to buy items that are high in saturated fats. Apples with almond butter, carrots and hummus, grapes, and even popcorn (without the butter) are all healthy choices that are also good for your heart.

Related: Delicious Healthy Foods

3. Get Sleep

Life gets busy, and there never seems to be enough hours in the day. For some people, this means sacrificing hours of sleep at night. While an occasional night of fewer hours of sleep is bound to happen, your standard for sleep as an adult should be a minimum of seven hours.

Anything less than six hours doubles your risk of CVD, including heart attacks and strokes. Sleep plays a critical role in your health and the biological processes that impact your blood pressure. The less sleep you get, the more at risk you become.

If you regularly experience sleeping difficulties, there are things you can do to help your body get ready for bed –– avoid heavy meals in the evening, develop nighttime routines to help you wind down for the evening, go to bed every night at the same time, consider whether you need to buy a new mattress, keep the temperature in your bedroom at around 67 degrees Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius), and limit alcohol intake.

4. Maintain Dental Hygiene

When you think about your heart health, probably the last thing that comes to mind is your teeth. The connection is that the risk of heart disease and periodontal disease are the same.

Bacteria from gum disease travels to the bloodstream and can raise the levels of C-reactive proteins, which causes inflammation to your blood vessels. By brushing regularly two to three times a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist twice a year, you can lower your risk.

5. Turn Off Gadgets After 8 pm

Similar to getting more sleep, you should also try eliminating all gadgets and electronics after 8 pm. Studies have found that electronics — including your television and mobile devices — emit a soft blue light that stimulates brain activity.

If you go to bed around 9 pm, then turn off your electronics at 8 pm. A good rule of thumb is one hour before you try to go to sleep. Eliminating this distraction will help you fall asleep quicker and give you a deeper sleep, which lowers your chances of heart-related stress.

6. Remove Your Earphones

If you work in an office environment, then earphones can be a savior, but did you know that the loud noises are actually detrimental to your heart? That’s because loud noises from traffic or music cause your heartbeat to quicken and blood pressure to rise.

By investing in noise-canceling headphones that allow you to listen to music at a quieter volume, or by simply limiting your exposure to earphones, you can help reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Low tempo and soothing music can also have the opposite impact – slowing your heart rate ever so slightly and calming your mind.

7. Avoid Smoking/Smokers

By now, you’ve probably heard of the vast amount of conditions that can be caused by smoking – disorders like gum disease, cancer, and more. That also extends to CVD. Smoking yourself can extend your risk by 80% while even being around heavy smokers — like family members and friends — can raise your chances to 30%.

If you smoke, work towards quitting by limiting your tobacco intake gradually over time using patches or vapes, getting professional help, or stopping cold turkey. If you have loved ones that smoke, set boundaries for when and where they can smoke around you. It can be a difficult conversation, but your health is important, and your loved ones should be understanding.

Healthy Heart Services in Colorado Springs and Texas

If you’re experiencing chest pains or you think you’ve had a stroke or seizure, we can provide the care you need. If you have questions or need immediate treatment, your nearest Complete Care location is ready to help, no matter the time of day or night. We offer a variety of services to help you and your family in your time of need. No appointments are necessary.

Find the Complete Care location nearest you.